Islam is but one unit – Reflections on the last Ayah of Surat-ul-Baqarah

{لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِنْ نَسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنَا رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا أَنْتَ مَوْلَانَا فَانْصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِين}

“Allâh burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us; our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maulâ (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”

Allah Ta’ala revealed the message of Islam to Muhammad (salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) as a message to govern all aspects of life. He (subhanahu wa ta’la) made the adherence to the message, after believing in it, an act of worship. There is no difference in asking Allah for forgiveness and praying, or giving zakah and ruling by Islam, or seeking the help of Allah and the supremacy of Islam.

Some of the things the above honorable Ayah teaches us are:

– The mercy of Allah Ta’la that He accepted the Du’aa’ of not punishing us for matters which we’ve forgotten or committed in error. At-Tabarani and Ibn Hibban reported from the report of Ibn Abbas that the Messenger (salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said,
“Allah will not hold responsible my Ummah for what they commit in error, forgetfulness, ad what they do under duress”.

– Victory over non-believers is not for worldly gains or mere domination, but rather to establish justice and care for humanity, all humanity. This is found in the link between the Du’aa’ and victory i.e. servitude and humility to Allah and rulership and domination. There exist many Ayaat that address this point. For example, Allah says in surat-ul-Hajj


{الَّذِينَ إِنْ مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَمَرُوا بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَنَهَوْا عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَلِلَّهِ عَاقِبَةُ الْأُمُور}

“Those (Muslim rulers) who, if We give them power in the land, (they) enjoin Iqamat-as-Salât to pay the Zakât and they enjoin Al-Ma‘rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islâm has forbidden) [i.e. they make the Qur’ân as the law in all spheres of life]. And with Allâh rests the end of (all) matters (of creatures).”

The Du’aa’ is for political success, not exclusively for matters of Akhirah. Also, it can be made in Salah as well as outside of it.

Bukhari reported from the Hadith of Abu Hurayrah that the prophet (salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to say in Qunoot, after saying ‘sami’a Allahu liman hamidah, in the last Rak’ah in Ishaa’ Salah, ” O Allah, save ‘Ayyaash bin Abi Rabee’ah, O Allah save Al-Waleed bin Al-Waleed, O Allah save Salamah bin Hishaam, O Allah save the weak believers, O Allah be hard on Mudhar, O Allah, make these years for them [as hard] as the years of Yusuf [years of famine].

Also, Abu Dawood reported from the Hadith of Ibn Abbas that “The Messenger of Allah (salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed Qunoot for an entire month during salah of Thuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Ishaa’ and Fajr after saying ‘sami’a Allahu liman hamidah in the last Rak’ah making Du’aa’ against neigborhoods from bani Salim, Ra’l, and Thikwan, and ‘Asiyyah saying Ameen behind him”.

This integral relationship between worship and politics i.e. the inseparable view of the world brings fear to those in power as they know that Islam is not a mere religion that is limited to certain rituals. If they only knew that what they have is but falsehood and that it will surely not last, then they would look at Islam in a different light. If only Muslims can understand their Deen in the light of the above Ayah, then they will realize that only the Muslim Ummah can replace the fear the world is living in with the peace and justice of Islam.

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By | 2018-03-06T22:48:47+00:00 June 26th, 2010|Uncategorized|0 Comments

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